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- 1 THE CARIBBEAN
- 2 The Caribbean has 3 main groups of Islands A- The Greater Antilles B- The Lesser Antilles C- The Lucayan Archipelago
- 3 Countries of the Greater Antilles 1. CUBA 2. HAITI 3. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 4. JAIMACA 5. PUERTO RICO
- 4 The Lesser Antilles. The arc of islands that roughly define the eastern edge of the Caribbean Sea are known as the Lesser Antilles. These include Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Barbados, the British Virgin Islands, Bonaire, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Saba, St. Barts, St. Maarten/Martin, Statia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and several of the Caribbean islands belonging to Venezuela.
- 5 A large geographic region, the Lesser Antilles stretch from the northern edge of the Caribbean Sea to the coast of South America. a. The Leeward Islands From the northwest to the southeast, the islands are: • Puerto Rican Virgin Islands: Vieques, Culebra (U.S.) • U.S. Virgin Islands: St. Thomas, St. John, St. Croix, Water Island (U.S.) • British Virgin Islands: Jost Van Dyke, Tortola, Virgin Gorda, Anegada (U.K.) • Anguilla (U.K.) • Saint Martin/Sint Maarten (Fr./Neth.) • Saint-Barthélemy (Fr.) • Saba (Neth.) • Sint Eustatius (Neth.) • Saint Kitts (forms a sovereign state (a Commonwealth Realm) with Nevis; see Nevis) • Nevis (Commonwealth; see St. Kitts) • Barbuda (Commonwealth; see Antigua) • Antigua (forms a sovereign state (a Commonwealth Realm) with Barbuda) • Redonda (uninhabited part of Antigua & Barbuda; see above) • Montserrat (U.K.) • Guadeloupe (Fr. overseas department) • La Désirade (dependency of Guadeloupe, Fr.) • Îles des Saintes (dependency of Guadeloupe, Fr.) • Marie-Galante (dependency of Guadeloupe, Fr.) • Dominica (Commonwealth Realm).
- 6 The southern Windward Islands • The Windward Islands are the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles island group in the Eastern Caribbean. They are so named because the trade winds touch here first, placing these islands upwind from the Leeward Islands. The term dates back to the days when explorers and merchants relied on the trade winds to carry their ships across the Atlantic to the Caribbean. • The Windward Islands include Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Grenada.
- 7 Islands of the central and South America coasts … See Central and South American Coasts.